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A huge majority of industries, such as metals, textile, paper, leather, sugar, plastics, rubber, ceramics, glass, soap, fertilizers, beverages, edible oil, pharmaceutical, and a host of others, are all heavily dependent on chemicals. All over the world the chemical industry is a major contributor to the national economy, playing both a direct and indirect role.
Ittehad Chemicals Limited (ICL) is the pioneer and one of the largest manufacturers of industrial chemicals in Pakistan. It produces Caustic Soda, Liquid Chlorine, Hydrochloric Acid, Sodium Hypochlorite, Bleaching Earth (Shaffaf), Chlorinated Paraffin, Sulphuric Acid 80%, Zinc Sulphate, and Barium Sulphate. ICL has strategically diversified its product portfolio in order to cater for the demand of the market.
Caustic Soda also known as Sodium Hydroxide forms a strong alkaline solution when dissolved in water. ICL produces Caustic Soda in the form of flakes, solid, liquid (31% and 50% concentration). In solid form, it is hygroscopic and as such readily absorbs water from the air. Hence, it is stored in airtight containers.
Caustic Soda is used in a wide variety of industrial applications. It is used as a reactant for the manufacturing of other sodium components, which themselves may be intermediate or end- use products, such as Sodium Hypochlorite, having its use as a household Bleach and Disinfectant and Sodium Phenolate, required for making antiseptics and for the manufacturing of Aspirin. It is used in the manufacturing process of Soaps and Surfactants used in soap powders and also in the Textile Industry to remove containments. As a bleach, it is used in the treatment of scoured cloth and to improve luster and dye absorption.